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  • 枇杷苗种植规划必须要有授粉树
  • 本站编辑:杭州余杭赛金果枇杷研究所有限公司发布日期:2019-08-06 11:43 浏览次数:
枇杷苗种植规划必须要有授粉树
 
Pollination trees are necessary for Loquat seedling planting planning
 
(1)枇杷苗栽植时期:枇杷的栽植分春秋二季进行。无冻害地区晚秋定植较佳,于11月份进行。冬季较冷地区,可在春芽萌动前,即2月下旬至3月上中旬定植枇杷苗。
 
(1) Loquat seedling planting period: Loquat planting in spring and autumn. Late autumn planting was preferable in non-freezing areas, which took place in November. Loquat seedlings can be planted in cold winter areas before Spring Bud germination, that is, from late February to early and middle March.
 
(2)栽植密度:栽植行株距4~5米×3.5~4.5米,每亩约29~45株。
 
(2) Planting density: Planting row spacing is 4-5 m *3.5-4.5 m, about 29-45 plants per mu.
 
(3)栽植方法:栽植前开好栽植穴、施足基地。然后将苗栽下。注意不能栽得过深,嫁接口部位不应埋于或陷入土中,以免枝干感染腐烂病。栽植后,要注意防止干枯。因天气干燥或发现叶片萎蔫,要及时以0.2%尿素液根外追肥,每天早晚各喷一次。必要时可删剪部分叶片减少水分蒸发,保护树枝抽干。
 
(3) Planting methods: Before planting, planting holes and sufficient bases should be set up. Then plant the seedlings. Attention should be paid to not planting too deep and the joint should not be buried or trapped in the soil in order to avoid the infection of rotten branches. After planting, we should pay attention to prevent drying up. Because the weather is dry or the leaves are wilting, it is necessary to spray fertilizer with 0.2% urea liquid root in time, once a day in the morning and evening. If necessary, prune some leaves to reduce water evaporation and protect branches from drying.
枇杷的许多品种自花不能授粉,因此同一果园应栽培2~3个品种,要求花期相近,成熟期也相近。通常每2行主栽品种,其旁栽一行授粉品种,相互授粉。另外花期在枇杷苗果园中放蜂也能提高授粉。
 
Many varieties of loquat can not pollinate by themselves. Therefore, two to three varieties should be cultivated in the same orchard, requiring similar flowering and ripening stages. Usually every 2 rows of main varieties, its next row of pollination varieties, mutual pollination. Additionally, insecting bees in Loquat seedling orchards at flowering stage can also improve pollination.